Bull–Randall Family Genealogy Wiki

Dr. John Leonard Randal (TX State Senator)

[Dr. John Leonard Randal] John Bull-Randal's best known son was probably John Leonard Randal (born February 11, 1800, in Stokes County, North Carolina).

Some time between 1803 and 1807, his father John Randal moved the family to Franklin County, Georgia.

After receiving his medical training at Cincinnati Medical College, John Leonard Randal moved to Tennessee and married Sarah McNeil (Kyle) (a descendant of Lord Stanhope), of McNairy, Tennessee; which is in the county next to Hardeman County, Tennessee (where his Uncle (Hannah's brother), Oney Scyprett Harvey had moved).

John L. and Sarah Randal had four children in living in McNairy County, Tennessee, then left for the new Republic of Texas in the late fall of 1838, and had four more children:

  • Lois Almedia Randal, b. 1832, McNairy Co., TN; d. 1861, Dallas, TX. Married 1st to William T. Hughes in 1851. After William T. Hughes died, Lois Almedia married her 2nd husband, Thomas Logan Ledbetter.
  • Horace Randal, b. 1833, McNairy Co., TN; d. 1864, Battle of Jenkins Ferry, AR, buried in Harrison Co., TX.
  • Susan E. Randal, born ca. 1835, McNairy Co., TN. Married in 1851 to John T. Simmons at San Augustine Co., TX. Died after 1860.
  • Mary Emily Randal, b. 1836, McNairy Co., TN; d. 1910, Hale Co., TX. Married 1st in 1855 to James A. Broocks – and 2nd to Lafayette E. Speed.
  • John Leonard Randal, Jr. was born 1838 in Benton Co., MS (while En route to Texas); died 1919, Montague Co., TX, buried Baylor Co., TX. Married Elizabeth H. Felton in 1860 in Smith Co., TX. They had 15 children.
  • Sarah E. Randal, b. ca. 1842, San Augustine Co., TX; d. after 1913. Married John Bellefont Hardeman in 1859 in Smith Co., TX.
  • Eliza Randal, b. 1845, San Augustine Co., TX; d. 1918, Houston, Harris Co., TX. Married in 1865 to Josephus D. Brooks.
  • Solon Randal, born 1849, San Augustine Co., TX; died 1885, Bastrop Co., TX. Married in 1872 Brazos Co., TX to Lascuia Eolien Gertrude Johnson.

John L. and Sarah Randal settled about a mile and a half south of San Augustine, Texas. Randal received his conditional certificate for land on June 7, 1839, and his unconditional certificate on May 6, 1844. He constructed a large two-story house that functioned as his residence and as a hospital for his patients.

He then succeeded James Gaines in the called session of the Sixth Congress in 1842, as a representative of the Shelby, Sabine, and Harrison districts in the Texas Senate. He was re-elected to the same office in the Seventh Congress, 1842–43.

On March 3, 1845, U.S. President John Tyler preempted incoming U.S. President James K. Polk by forwarding a U.S. House approved legislative offer to immediately annex the Republic of Texas. When Polk entered the White House the next day, he proceeded to encourage Texas to accept the Tyler offer. The Lone Star Republic ratified the treaty with popular approval from Texans. The bill was signed United States President, James K. Polk on December 29, 1845, accepting Texas as the 28th state of the Union. Texas formally relinquished its sovereignty to the United States on February 19, 1846.1)

Outrage from Mexico over the U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution, led to the US - Mexican War. Combat operations lasted a year and a half, from the spring of 1846 to the fall of 1847. American forces quickly occupied Santa Fe de Nuevo México and Alta California Territory, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast farther south in Baja California Territory. Another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in a victory for the United States.

Dr. John Leonard Randal joined the United States Army during the Mexican War and was appointed assistant surgeon on March 3, 1847. He was assigned to the Twelfth Infantry on April 9 and resigned on August 3, 1847.

[1850 U.S. Census. John Leonard Randal's family begins on line 29.]

1850 United States Federal Census

Free Inhabitants in: San Augustine Dist.
County: San Augustine
State: Texas
Date: Sept. 14, 1850
Dwelling Number: 92

Name Age Gender Birthplace Occupation
Leonard Randal 50 M North Carolina Physician
Sarah Randal 40 F North Carolina
Almedia Randal 18 F Tennessee
Horace Randal 17 M Tennessee Cadet
Susan Randal 15 F Tennessee
Mary Randal 13 F Tennessee
Leonard Randal 11 M Texas
Sarah Randal 6 F Texas
Eliza Randal 3 F Texas
Solon Randal 1 M Texas

Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: San Augustine, San Augustine, Texas; Roll: M432_914; Page: 337A; Image: 324.

In 1858 he sold his property in San Augustine County, TX and moved to Smith County, TX, where, on September 27, 1859, he purchased 640 acres a few miles northeast of Tyler, TX.

1860 United States Federal Census

Name: Lenard Randal
Age in 1860: 60
Birth Year: abt 1800
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1860: Starrville, Smith, Texas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Starrville
Household Members:
Name - Age
Lenard Randal - 60
Sarah Randal - 52
Eliza Randal - 14
Solon Randal - 11

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Starrville, Smith, Texas; Roll: M653_1305; Page: 77; Image: 158; Family History Library Film: 805305.

On August 23, 1861, Dr. John Leonard Randal's eldest daughter, Lois Almedia Randal-Hughes-Ledbetter, died in Dallas County, TX., two days after giving birth to Lois Davis Ledbetter. Thomas Logan Ledbetter, only 24 years old, was now a widower with five young children to care for. His step-mother, Elizabeth Ogle Ledbetter, who also had five young children of her own, tried to help out, but it was just too much for her. However, when Dr. John Leonard Randal, Thomas Logan Ledbetter's father-in-law, learned of his daughter's death and the likelihood that his five grandchildren would not be adequately cared for, he came to Dallas and took them to his home in Smith County to live with him.

On May 10, 1862, at 62 years old, John L. Randal enlisted in the Army of the Confederate States of America (CSA), Twenty-eighth Texas Cavalry, as regimental surgeon; he was recruited by his son, regimental commander Col. Horace Randal. He was later appointed surgeon of the Second Brigade of Gen. John G. Walker's division. His service, primarily in Arkansas, was cut short by his failing health. On March 22, 1863, he submitted his resignation, which was accepted on June 9, 1863.

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865

Name: Leonard Randal Sr.
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Texas
Regiment Name: 28 Texas Cavalry
Regiment Name Expanded: 28th Regiment, Texas Cavalry
(Randal's) (1st Texas Lancers)
Company: FFS
Rank In: Private
Rank Out: Surgeon
Film Number: M227 roll 30

Source Citation: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, online (http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/), acquired 2007.

[Dr. John Leonard Randall & his wife, Sarah McNeil (Kyle) Randal] He sold his farm in Smith County, TX on August 22, 1863. In 1867 he was paying taxes on a section of land in Grimes County, TX. In 1868 he disposed of that property and purchased a 130-acre farm in Brazos County, TX, a few miles from Bryan, TX.

When the 1870 United States Federal Census was taken, it contained a couple of understandable errors. First, John Leonard Randal spelled his name with one “L”, not two. Name spelling errors were common with census takers at that time (if it sounded the same, it was considered the same). Second, John Leonard Randal was born in Georgia (as indicated in the previous 1850 & 1860 census), but the family in general was from North Carolina. Considering his age, John Leonard Randal have have either misunderstood the question — or had difficulty remembering some of these details.

1870 United States Federal Census

Name: Leonard Randall
Age in 1870: 70
Birth Year: abt 1800
Birthplace: North Carolina
Home in 1870: Brazos, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Bryan
Household Members:
Name - Age
Leonard Randall - 70
Sarah Randall - 62
Horace Hughs - 17
Wm Hughs - 14
Lizzie Hughs - 16

Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Brazos, Texas; Roll: M593_1577; Page: 78A; Image: 159; Family History Library Film: 553076.

John L. Randal, an Englishman by descent, reputedly inherited a considerable estate in England but preferred to remain a citizen of Texas and refused to claim his inheritance.

John Leonard Randal died on his Brazos County farm in April 11, 1874 and is said to be buried in the old Boonville Cemetery. Although his grave is unmarked, there is a marker in the general area.

Tom Jones, “RANDAL, JOHN LEONARD,” Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fra29), accessed January 15, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod., 1962).
Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).
E. W. Winkler, ed., Secret Journals of the Senate, Republic of Texas (Austin, 1911).


Research Sites
Agatha Muriel Randall
Albert Gallatin Randle
Anderson Smith Randal
Artry Otis Randall
Bushrod P. Randall
Carey Enoch Randall
Carey Woodson Randall
Charles Edward Randall
Charles Ray Randall
Charles W. Randal
Clarence Richard Randall
Comer Henry Randall, Sr.
Edgar Oran Randall
Elisha Burrell Randall
Eliza B. Randal
Elizabeth Harvey Randal
Elizabeth M. Randal
Elizabeth Jane Randall
Eloise M. Randall
Elzora Eugenia Randall
Eugene Augustus Randall
George Alman Randall
Gertrude Randall
Gussie Estell Randall
Hannah N. Randal
Helen Cecil Randall
Henry Beaman Randall
Henry Darwin Randall
Henry Oran Randall
Henry Veronica Randall
Horace Randal
Hubert Bernice Randall
Ira Robert Randall
Ira Wilbur Randal
Isaac Samuel Randle
Jackson Harvey (“Harry”) Randal
James Ronald Randal
James Thomas Randall
John B. Randall
John Bull Randal
John Henry Randle
John Leonard Randal
John Robert Randall
John W. Randall
Jones Hesburn Randall
Jones Marshall Randall, Jr.
Jones Marshall Randall, Sr.
King Oran Randall, Sr.
King Oran Randall, Jr.
Lake Randall
Lavaca Randall
Leonard Randle
Martha Elizabeth Randall
Martha Patsy Randal
Michael Byron Randall
Minnie Ola Randall
Napoleon Bonapart Randal
Napoleon C. Randall
Nettie Margaret Randall
Oney Cypress Randal
Oney Pickney Randall
Pinkney Harvey Randall
Priscilla Ann Randall
Ralph Aaron Randall
Richard Clarke Randall
Richard Roan Randall, Sr.
Richard Roan Randall, Jr.
Roland Pickney Randall
Robert Thomas Randall
Rowan Augustin Randall
Sallie D. Randall
Sara Elizabeth Randall
Sara Sophia Felton Randall
Sina Bethel Randal
Sophia Mitchell
Susan "Susie" Jane Randall
Susanna Jane Randall
Theodocia A. Randal
Thomas Bull, Jr.
Thomas Bull, Sr.
Thomas Doomous (Dumas) Randall
Thomas Edwin Randall
Thomas Jefferson Randal
Thomas Loyd Randall
Thomas Oney Randle
Thomas Watson Randall
Walter Baxter Randall
Walter Clarke Randall
William "Bill" Randall
William Ernest Randall
William Reeves Randall
William Robert Randall, Sr.
William Randal

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