Bull–Randall Family Genealogy Wiki

Oney Cypress Randal

Son of John Bull and Hanna Harvey, Oney Cypress Randal (obviously named for Hannah's brother, Onesiphorus “Oney Scyprett” Harvey) was born February 5, 1796 in North Carolina; and moved to Franklin County, Georgia (prior to 1807) with his parents.

The origin on the name “Oney Cypress”


Was Oney Cypress “really” his name?

The short answer is… not exactly. Nor was “Oney Scyprett” correct. During the early 1700's, words were often spelled by “sounding” them out. But in this case, a single Biblical name had morphed into two names.

Both Oney Cypress Randal and his Uncle, “Oney Scyprett” Harvey, were named in honor of Hanna Harvey's Great Grandfather, Onesiphorus Harvey (1677-1732). Onesiphorus Harvey was the first Harvey in our line to make the journey from England to the colonies.

The name Onesiphorus may not have been as popular as other Biblical names such as Matthew, Mark, and Mary, but that’s most likely to it’s five-syllable pronunciation or the problems the spelling would cause. The Biblical Onesiphorus was a personal friend of the Apostle Paul… and a great blessing to him. Onesiphorus lived up to his name, which means “bringing profit.

Onesiphorus is only mentioned twice in the Bible, both times in the Epistle of 2 Timothy. Early in the Epistle, Paul writes a prayer of blessing upon Onesiphorus: “May the Lord show mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, because he often refreshed me and was not ashamed of my chains. On the contrary, when he was in Rome, he searched hard for me until he found me. May the Lord grant that he will find mercy from the Lord on that day! You know very well in how many ways he helped me in Ephesus” (2 Timothy 1:16–18). At the end of the letter, Paul sends greetings to “the household of Onesiphorus” (2 Timothy 4:19).

These two passages convey all we know about Onesiphorus’s background: 1) he was from Ephesus, where Paul had founded a church (Acts 19:1–10); 2) his whole family were believers; and 3) in Ephesus, he had helped Paul “in many ways.

Paul wrote 2 Timothy from a Roman prison cell. It was a difficult time for the apostle, made more difficult by trusted friends who abandoned him in his hour of need. “You know that everyone in the province of Asia has deserted me, including Phygelus and Hermogenes” (2 Timothy 1:15). In stark contrast to these deserters was Onesiphorus, who stayed with Paul through thick and thin. In fact, Onesiphorus went out of his way to track Paul down and visit him in prison. In doing so, Onesiphorus showed great personal courage—it was dangerous to be called a Christian in Rome in those days—and compassion for the apostle.

According to Orthodox tradition, Onesiphorus was one of the seventy disciples chosen and sent by Jesus to preach. They were chosen some time after the selection of the Twelve Apostles (Luke 10:1-24). Saint Onesiphorus was bishop at Colophon (Asia Minor), and later at Corinth. Both the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches hold that he died a martyr in the city of Parium (not far from Ephesus) on the shores of the Hellespont.

Ultimately, because the name Onesiphorus is relatively rare, its repetitive use (and variations of it) in our family line helps us confirm our lineage.

Records indicate that Oney C. Randal volunteered to serve in the 5th Regiment, North Carolina Militia (Commanded by Lt. Col. Richard Atkinson, 1st Major Simpson Shaw, 2nd Major Benjamin Elliott) during the “War of 1812” as a “Private” (in 1812 Oney was 16 years old, but he may have joined at a later point in the war).

U.S., War of 1812 Service Records, 1812-1815
Name: Oney C Randal
Company: 5 REG'T (ATKINSON'S) NORTH CAROLINA MIL.
Rank - Induction: PRIVATE
Rank - Discharge: PRIVATE
Roll Box: 171
Microfilm Publication: M602


Original data: National Archives and Records Administration. Index to the Compiled Military Service Records for the Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M602, 234 rolls.

In 1817, Oney Cypress Randal (approx. age 21) married Susanna(h) “Sukey” W. Wilkins (age 17) in Franklin County, Georgia. Susannah W. Wilkins, daughter of Charles Smith Wilkins and Elizabeth Puryear, was born on or about Jan. 6, 1800 in Rutherford, North Carolina.

Oney Cypress Randal and Susannah W. Wilkins had the following children:

  1. Elizabeth M. Randal (January 28, 1818 - May 6, 1881) Born in Franklin County, Georgia, died in Grubb Springs, Monroe, Mississippi.1)
  2. James Ronald Randal (August 7, 1819 - May 27, 1887)2)
  3. William (Billy) Randal (Dec. 22, 1820 - 1894)3)
  4. Martha Patsy Randal (Oct. 26, 1822 - 1885)
  5. Eliza B. Randal (November 06, 1824 - 1906) Born in Franklin Co., GA. Eliza married John Robinson Smith on Sept. 21, 1843 in Franklin, Co., GA.
  6. Sina “Sinie” Bethel Randal (Nov. 13, 1826 - May 22, 1876)
  7. Leonard Randle (born October 19, 1828 in Franklin Co., GA. He died between 1850-1854).
  8. Albert Gallatin Randle (September 2, 1831 - February 21, 1906)
  9. Anderson Smith Randal was born April 1, 1833 in Franklin Co., GA. He was likely named in honor of Susannah's brother, Anderson Smith Wilkins. Anderson Smith Randal married Sophia Mitchell on August 26, 1852 in Franklin Co., GA. Sophia died July 20, 1900.
  10. Lewis (or Louis) H. Randal was born April 11, 1835 in Franklin Co., GA. Lewis married Louisa T. Rickey on May 3, 1857 in Franklin, Co., GA.
  11. Charles W. Randal was born May 12, 1837 in Franklin Co., GA. And moved to Alabama.
  12. Ira Wilbur Randal (May 4, 1839 - May 15, 1898)
  13. Susanna(h) Jane Randal (October 5, 1842 - November 5, 1883)
  14. Hannah N. Randal (March 3, 1845 - March 23, ????)
  15. Oney (Onie) Pickney Randal (October 14, 1847 - June 1, 1896).

Because rapid transportation was still in its infancy during the early 1800s, most Southerners ate what they grew or hunted locally. Corn, beans and vegetables were common, along with pork. In the north, cows provided milk, butter, and beef, while in the south, where cattle were less common, venison and other game provided meat. Preserving food at that time, before the era of refrigeration, required smoking, drying, or salting meat. Vegetables were kept in a root cellar or pickled.

Santa Claus gets his Sleigh… and Reindeer
In 1812, American author Washington Irving refers to St. Nicholas as “— riding over the tops of the trees, in that self-same wagon wherein he brings his yearly presents to children” in the revised version of “A Complete History of New York” written under the pseudonym Diedrich Knickerbocker. Yet no mention is made of what propels the wagon. So where did the story of flying reindeer originate?

The first known written account of reindeer in association with Santa Claus occurred in 1821. That year, New York printer William Gilley published a sixteen page booklet titled “A New Year's Present, to the Little Ones from Five to Twelve Number III : The Children's Friend” by an anonymous author. In the book, flying reindeer are introduced into the Santa Claus narrative (although the image in the booklet depicts only ONE reindeer) as well as cementing the idea of a “sleigh” (rather than a wagon) through an image appearing in the book:

Old Santeclaus with much delight
His reindeer drives this frosty night.
O'er chimneytops, and tracks of snow,
To bring his yearly gifts to you.


During an 1822 interview, New York's Troy Sentinel editor Orville L. Holley questioned Mr. Gilley regarding the booklet's author and the topic of reindeer. Though he did not identify the author, Mr. Gilley responded: “Dear Sir, the idea of Santeclaus was not mine nor was the idea of a reindeer. The author of the tale but submitted the piece, with little added information. However, it should be noted that he did mention the reindeer in a subsequent correspondence. He stated that far in the north near the Arctic lands a series of animals exist, these hooven and antlered animals resemble the reindeer and are feared and honored by those around, as you see he claims to have heard they could fly from his mother. His mother being an Indian of the area.”

Also in 1822, Clement Clarke Moore wrote “A Visit From St. Nicholas,” commonly known as “The Night Before Christmas,” for his six children, with no intention of adding to the Santa Claus phenomenon. It was published anonymously the following year (1823) in the “Troy Sentinel”. The poem features, for the first time, EIGHT flying reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh… and they're all identified by name:

When what to my wondering eyes should appear,
But a miniature sleigh and eight tiny reindeer,
With a little old driver, so lively and quick
I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick.

More rapid than eagles his coursers they came,
And he whistled and shouted and called them by name;
“Now, Dasher! now, Dancer! now, Prancer and Vixen!
On, Comet! on, Cupid! on, Dunder and Blixem!
To the top of the porch, to the top of the wall!
Now, dash away, dash away, dash away all!”


Though originally called 'Dunder and Blixem' in the 1823 publication, Santa's seventh and eighth reindeer are commonly known as 'Donner and Blitzen' today. Dunder and Blixem are Dutch words that translate to thunder and lightning. Some 19th and 20th century publications of the poem substituted the names 'Donder and Blitzen', which are German for thunder and lightning, and in other articles during the 20th century, 'Donner' replaced the name 'Donder'.

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer was not added to Santa's sleigh team until 1939… bringing the total number of reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh to nine.


Sources: The History of Santa's Reindeer & St. Nicholas to Santa: The Surprising Origins of Mr. Claus

The following records exist:

Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892
Name: Oney Randal
Year: 1821
District: Captain Eddins
Place: Franklin, Georgia, USA


Original data: Georgia Tax Digests [1890]. 140 volumes. Morrow, Georgia: Georgia Archives.

1830 United States Federal Census
Name: Oney Randal
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Franklin, Georgia
2 - Free White Persons - Males - Under 5
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 39
1 - Free White Persons - Females - Under 5
2 - Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 9
1 - Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14
1 - Free White Persons - Females - 30 thru 39
8 - Free White Persons - Under 20
2 - Free White Persons - 20 thru 49
10 - Total Free White Persons
10 - Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored)


Source Citation: 1830 US Census; Census Place: Franklin, Georgia; Page: 249; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 17; Family History Film: 0007037.

Below is a scan of the actual (original) 1840 United States Federal Census, “Oney Randall” (two “L”s – was probably a misunderstanding by the Census taker) appears on the 4th line from the top.

1840 United States Federal Census, “Oney Randall” (two “L”s – was probably a misunderstanding by the Census taker) appears on the 4th line from the top.

1840 United States Federal Census
Name: Oney Randall
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): District 213, Franklin, Georgia
2 - Free White Persons - Males - Under 5
3 - Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29
1 - Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49
2 - Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14
1 - Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19
1 - Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29
1 - Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49
2 - Persons Employed in Agriculture
1 - No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write
10 - Free White Persons - Under 20
4 - Free White Persons - 20 thru 49
14 - Total Free White Persons \ 14 - Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves


Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: District 213, Franklin, Georgia; Roll: 41; Page: 305; Image: 637; Family History Library Film: 0007043.

Below is a scan of the actual (original) 1850 U.S. Federal Census. Line 15 begins by listing “O. C. Randal”, Age: 55, Occupation: Farmer, Place of birth: N. Carolina.

1850 United States Federal Census. O.C. Randal family begins at line 16.

1850 United States Federal Census


State: Georgia
County: Franklin
Free Inhabitants in: District No. 39
Date: Oct. 2, 1850
Dwelling Number: 610

Name Age Gender Birthplace Occupation
O.C. Randal 55 M North Carolina Farmer
Susannah Randal 50 F North Carolina Keeping House
Leonard Randal 21 M Georgia Farmer
Sina B. Randal 22 F Georgia
Albert G. Randal 19 M Georgia
Anderson Randal 17 M Georgia
Lewis Randal 15 M Georgia
Charles W. Randal 13 M Georgia
Ira Randal 9 M Georgia
Jane Randal 7 F Georgia
Hannah Randal 5 F Georgia
Pinkney Randal 3 M Georgia

Note: The 1850 United States Federal Census form indicates that all of the children from Jane (age 7) to Sina (age 22) were indicated to have been in school during the past year.


Source: “United States Census” Year: 1850; Census Place: District 32, Franklin, Georgia; Roll: M432_70; Page: 281B; Image: 93.

1870 U.S. Census. Susannah Wilkins Randall's family begins at line 8.

1870 United States Federal Census


State: Georgia
County: Franklin
Post Office: Goodwill
Date: July 19, 1870

Name Gender Age Birthplace Occupation
Susan Randall F 70 Georgia Keeping House
Sina Randall F 35 Georgia At Home
Ona P. Randall M 22 Georgia Farm Laborer
Elizabeth Randall F 19 Georgia At Home
Alace Randall F 9/12 Georgia
Harriet Randall F 28 Georgia Domestic Servant
Lucy Randall F 13 Georgia At Home
Mary Randall F 11 Georgia At Home
Elizabeth Randall F 3 Georgia

Note: While the 1870 census does not indicate the relationships, Susan was actually Susannah (widow of Oney Cypress Randall). Ona was actually her son, Oney Pickney Randall. Elizabeth Randall (age 19) was Oney's new wife… and Alace Randall was their 9 month old daughter. While Harriet Randall, the domestic servant, was indicated as having been white, her relationship with Susannah is not known. And we can only speculate that the three youngest girls, Lucy, Mary & Elizabeth, were Harriet's daughters.


Source: “United States Census” Year: 1870; Census Place: Subdivision 51, Franklin, Georgia; Roll: M593_150; Page: 25B; Image: 269; Family History Library Film: 545649

Death and Will

Oney Cypress Randal died March 12, 1854 (at age 58) in Franklin County Georgia. (Ref: Find A Grave Memorial# 36072614) 4)

Transcript:


Oney Randals Will

State of Georgia
Franklin County

In the name of God. Amen. I, Oney Randal of said State and County aforesaid being of advanced age and knowing that I must shortly depart this life, deem it right and proper both as respecting my family and myself that I should make a disposition of the property with which a kind Provence has blessed me. I do therefore make this my last will testament hereby revoking all others here to fore made by me.
Item 1st I desire and direct that my body be buried in a decent and Christian like manner suitable to my circumstances and condition in life. My soul I trust shall return to rest with God who made it.
I give, bequeath and devise to my beloved wife Susannah all my lands, one negro girl, Harriet, and Stocks of all kinds, horses, Cattle, Hogs, and sheep and all my plantation tools and Blacksmith tools, my house hold & Kitchen furniture, during her natural life or widowhood. I have give to seven of my children.
1st William I give one horse saddle and bridle, one cow and calf, one sow and pigs, two sheep, one bed and furniture. 2. James 3. Elizabeth 4. Eliza 5. Martha 6. Anderson. 7 Albert.
I to the names above the same as William, and servant my beloved wife Susannah to give to the rest of my children as they leave her the same I have give those above mentioned if she has it to spare, and at her death I want a Equal division of what property is left with all my children. And I appoint James Randal and Albert Randal my Executors - Signed, Sealed in the presence of:
Oliver Harrison
James N. Payne
Thomas Anderson Yow

Oney Randall
This February 22nd, 1854,


State of Georgia
Franklin County
Court of Ordinary
April Term 1854

Personally appeared in open court Oliver Harrison, James N. Payne Thomas A. Yow and being Sworn diposeth and Saith that they deponents saw Oney Randal, deceased, when in his proper mind and of disposing memory, sign and seal the within will for the purposes herein contained and that they deponents Subscribed the same as witnessed at the Special request of said testator and in his presence.

Sworn to and subscribed in Open Court this 3rd day of April 1854.
John G. York, Ordinary
Recorded April 3rd 1854

Susannah W. Wilkins Randal died Oct. 4, 1874 (at age 74) in Franklin County Georgia. (Ref: Find A Grave Memorial# 52743225)5) According to a letter from Mary Lou Randle Roberts (dated August 9, 2003 letter_from_mary_lou_randle_roberts_-_re_oney_cypress_randal_grave.jpg), Susannah's tomb is inscribed: “In Memory of Susanah (Wife of ??) Oney Randal. How died aged 74 Years.

Both are buried in the “Randal Family Cemetery”, near Avalon (Stephens County) Georgia.6)

Also according to the letter from Mary Lou Randle Roberts (dated August 9, 2003 letter_from_mary_lou_randle_roberts_-_re_oney_cypress_randal_grave.jpg), Oney's tomb is inscribed: “In Memory of Oney Randal. How died March 12, 1851. Aged ?? Years.

The year of death was likely 1854 rather than 1851 because Oney's Will was dated 1854.

“Randal Family Cemetery” GPS Coordinates 7)

Latitude N 34° 32' 14.9“

Longitude W 83° 08' 42.5”

Map depicting location of the Randall-Mitchell Family Cemetery - High level.
Map depicting location of the Randall-Mitchell Family Cemetery - Detailed image.

Similar, but incorrect GPS coordinates are listed at: http://files.usgwarchives.net/ga/stephens/cemeteries/stephensgps.txt and http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scoconee/Cemetery_GPS/georgia/stephens-ga.htm

Lineage

Name Line Manager Job Title Photo
Oney Cypress Randal
John Bull Oney Cypress Randal Father
Hanna Harvey Oney Cypress Randal Mother
Thomas Bull Jr. John Bull Grandfather
Sarah Randal John Bull Grandmother
Col. Thomas Peyton Harvey, Sr. Hanna Harvey Grandfather
Sarahann Williams Hanna Harvey Grandmother
Thomas Bull, Sr. Thomas Bull Jr. Great Grandfather
Susanna Harwell Thomas Bull Jr. Great Grandmother
Ambrose Harwell Susanna Harwell Great, Great Grandfather
Elizabeth Browne Susanna Harwell Great, Great Grandmother
William Harvey Col. Thomas Peyton Harvey, Sr. (1713-1745) Great Grand Father
Elizabeth Roebuck Col. Thomas Peyton Harvey, Sr. (1715-1745) Great Grand Mother
Onesiphorus Harvey William Harvey (1677-1732) Great, Great Grand Father
Dorothy Gaskins William Harvey (1678-1726) Great, Great Grand Mother
Robert Roebuck Elizabeth Roebuck (1688-1750) Great, Great Grand Father
Elizabeth Flowers Elizabeth Roebuck (1693-1751) Great, Great Grand Mother
Robert Roebuck, Sr. Robert Roebuck (1653-1709) Great, Great, Great Grand Father
Elizabeth Jones Robert Roebuck (1650-1751) Great, Great, Great Grand Mother
Josias Gaskins Dorothy Gaskins Great, Great, Great Grand Father
Dorothy Dameron Dorothy Gaskins Great, Great, Great Grand Mother


1)
“International Genealogical Index (IGI),” database, FamilySearch ( https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:MYNY-VGJ : accessed 2015-01-22), entry for Elizabeth M. Randal.
2)
“International Genealogical Index (IGI),” database, FamilySearch ( https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:MYNY-VP7 : accessed 2015-01-22), entry for James Randall.
3)
“International Genealogical Index (IGI),” database, FamilySearch ( https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:MYNY-VPK : accessed 2015-01-22), entry for William Randal.
Navigation

Origins
Research Sites
Agatha Muriel Randall
Albert Gallatin Randle
Anderson Smith Randal
Artry Otis Randall
Bushrod P. Randall
Carey Enoch Randall
Carey Woodson Randall
Charles Edward Randall
Charles Ray Randall
Charles W. Randal
Clarence Richard Randall
Comer Henry Randall, Sr.
Edgar Oran Randall
Elisha Burrell Randall
Eliza B. Randal
Elizabeth Harvey Randal
Elizabeth M. Randal
Elizabeth Jane Randall
Eloise M. Randall
Elzora Eugenia Randall
Eugene Augustus Randall
George Alman Randall
Gertrude Randall
Gussie Estell Randall
Hannah N. Randal
Helen Cecil Randall
Henry Beaman Randall
Henry Darwin Randall
Henry Oran Randall
Henry Veronica Randall
Horace Randal
Hubert Bernice Randall
Ira Robert Randall
Ira Wilbur Randal
Isaac Samuel Randle
Jackson Harvey (“Harry”) Randal
James Ronald Randal
John B. Randall
John Bull Randal
John Henry Randle
John Leonard Randal
John Robert Randall
John W. Randall
Jones Hesburn Randall
Jones Marshall Randall, Jr.
Jones Marshall Randall, Sr.
King Oran Randall, Sr.
King Oran Randall, Jr.
Lake Randall
Lavaca Randall
Leonard Randle
Martha Elizabeth Randall
Martha Patsy Randal
Michael Byron Randall
Minnie Ola Randall
Napoleon Bonapart Randal
Napoleon C. Randall
Nettie Margaret Randall
Oney Cypress Randal
Oney Pickney Randall
Pinkney Harvey Randall
Priscilla Ann Randall
Ralph Aaron Randall
Richard Clarke Randall
Richard Roan Randall, Sr.
Richard Roan Randall, Jr.
Roland Pickney Randall
Rowan Augustin Randall
Sallie D. Randall
Sara Elizabeth Randall
Sara Sophia Felton Randall
Sina Bethel Randal
Sophia Mitchell
Susan "Susie" Jane Randall
Susanna Jane Randall
Theodocia A. Randal
Thomas Bull, Jr.
Thomas Bull, Sr.
Thomas Doomous (Dumas) Randall
Thomas Edwin Randall
Thomas Jefferson Randal
Thomas Oney Randle
Thomas Watson Randall
Walter Baxter Randall
Walter Clarke Randall
William "Bill" Randall
William Ernest Randall
William Reeves Randall
William Robert Randall, Sr.
William Randal

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